Monday, October 23, 2017

Spectacular Map Games

Over the last week I've been having a lot of fun playing with the Leaflet-IIIF plug-in. The plug-in allows you to map museum documents and manuscripts using the Leaflet,js mapping library.

Maps Mania's Spectacular Compendium of Victorian Map Games uses the plug-in to showcase some of the 18th & 19th century map race games owned by the Bodleian Library. These board games were used to entertain children while also teaching a little geography. The geography which was taught was seen from a particluar imperialistic western perspective (or from a distinctly racist perspective on occasion).

All seven games in this Maps Mania collection are race games. The objective in each game was for the players to get around the map board as quickly as possible. Each of these games either came with a 'teetotum' spinner (which players spun to determine the number of moves on the board) or came with dice. Some of the games also came with separate booklets which provided geographical or historical information on some of the locations featured.

Mapping the Great Outdoors

Natural Atlas is a comprehensive mapped guide to the great outdoors. Using Natural Atlas you can plan and track all your U.S. outdoor adventures, including hiking, backpacking, cycling, boating and camping.

At the heart of Natural Atlas is a beautifully designed topographical map, created from OpenStreetMap data. On top of this topographical basemap Natural Atlas plots thousands of natural points of interest, including waterfalls, hot springs and arches. The map also includes outdoor activity facilities, such as campgrounds, boat launches and picnic areas.

Natural Atlas comes with a full range of tools for route planning, including the ability to import GPX trails. You can also use Natural Atlas to record the track of your outdoor adventures and map your trip photos. Note-taking tools enable you to notate parts of your trail and add comments to sections of your outdoor trips. The social sharing features of Natural Atlas also allow you to follow friends and other members of the Natural Atlas community.

Natural Atlas naturally supports offline use. You can download for free parts of the map (enough for most uses) to use offline. If you need more of the map to use offline then you can easily upgrade to a paid subscription.

Mapping the 2016 Irish Census

The Republic of Ireland's All-Island Research Observatory has collaborated with the Central Statistics Office to create a new mapped visualization of data from the 2016 census. The Census 2016 Viewer provides mapped visualizations of more than 130 different census variables.

Using the Census 2016 Viewer you can explore all aspects of the 2016 census, including population density in Ireland, the distribution of different religions, ethnic backgrounds, family types, occupations and class. The mapped visualization for each socio-economic variable provides a choropleth view of the selected variable. You can also click on the map to view the percentages and counts in the area (for example the percentage of Roman Catholics in the selected county).

The map also includes a  useful chart tool which allows you to create charts for a number of different socio-economic variables based on the current map bounds or for your own defined area on the map.

The Czech Election Map

The second richest person in the country, Andrej Babis, is set to become the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. His populist ANO party gained a victory in Saturday's general election and will now have the chance to form a coalition government.

iRozhlas has mapped the results from the general election. The map allows you to view the winning party in each electoral district. You can also select any of the political parties to see how many votes they received in each district.

Beneath the map iRozhlas examines the geographical support for each party using the mapped visualization of each party's national election results. Andrej Babis' ANO party was popular across the Czech Republic and is geographically distributed very evenly. There is more of a geographical component to the results of the Czech Republic's other main political parties. These are explored in iRozhlas's analysis of each party's election results.

Saturday, October 21, 2017

3.8 Billion Years on Mars

This week added lots of new links to websites using three.js. Among these new featured sites is National Geographics' Rewind the Red Planet and Cassini's Grand Tour. These two interactive presentations use three.js to take us on a tour of the evolution of Mars over 3.8 billion years and around the solar system following NASA’s Cassini spacecraft.

At the heart of Rewind the Red Planet is an interactive globe of Mars. As you scroll through the site the globe updates to show how the planet might have looked during different stages in its history. The interactive also uses 360 degree 'Street View' panoramas of Mars to show how its evolution has looked from the surface of Mars. This includes imagined views of Mars in its distant past and more recent panoramas using imagery from the Curiosity Rover.

Rewind the Planet finishes with an overview of Mars today. In this section all of the landings on Mars are shown on the interactive globe of the planet.

Cassini's Grand Tour explores Cassini’s incredible voyage and some of its greatest achievements. Among the highlights of this tour has to be the imagery of Saturn and its moons captured by the Cassini spacecraft. The interactive also explores some of the new information that we learnt from Cassini, about Saturn's storms and the planet's rings.

Friday, October 20, 2017

Drone Imagery of the Tubbs Fire

For the past week or so Robin Kraft has been mapping the latest satellite imagery from DigitalGlobe to show the devastating damage done by the wildfires in Northern California. His Satellite Map of NorCal Fires includes satellite imagery taken after the fire in the Santa Rosa, Sonoma and Napa areas.

The Sonoma County and the Alameda County Sheriff’s Office has now captured two-centimeter drone imagery of Coffey Park and Journey’s End. This incredibly detailed imagery of the Aftermath of the Tubbs Fire provides a shocking overview of the damage caused by the Tubbs Fire. The Mapbox blog has a few details on how this drone imagery was shot, processed and mapped.

The New York Times has been able to use aerial imagery of the area effected by the Tubbs Fire to map which individual buildings have been destroyed. The Times analysis shows that at least 5,100 individual structures have been destroyed.

Fire officials are also checking every building on the ground to document the full structural damage of the fire. Everyday Cal Fire are adding information from their damage inspections to a Structure Status Information map. The red markers on their map show destroyed homes and the yellow markers indicate damaged homes.

The Poor in Spain Live Mainly on the Plain has mapped the average income in every Spanish municipality (with more than 1,000 residents) to work out where the rich and poor live in Spain. The map uses data from income tax returns from 2015.

The Map of Average Incomes in Spain shows that the ten richest municipalities in Spain are all in Barcelona and Madrid. The poorest municipality is Zahínos, a small town in the province of Badajoz. This gap in average incomes between urban and rural communities is reflected across the whole country. People who live in towns and cities on average have higher incomes than those living in the countryside.

One thing which the newspaper doesn't discuss is Catalan independence. When I looked at the map that huge blue patch in the north-east of Spain caught my eye. You can see why Spain is desperate to keep hold of Catalonia and all those tax returns.

Thursday, October 19, 2017

Teaching Art with Leaflet

I really like the Leaflet-IIIF plug-in for creating a Leaflet based browser for IIIF manifests. I think it has enormous potential for creating explanatory lessons about paintings and manuscripts shared using IIIF.

The Leaflet-IIIF plug-in page on Github has a few example maps. However none of them include any interactivity. I've therefore created a quick example using Van Gogh's Self-Portrait Dedicated to Gauguin. My Vincent Van Gogh self-portrait example pans and zooms the map to explore different features in the painting. If you click on a button the map zooms in on a feature in the painting and loads some explanatory text beneath the painting.

You could of course use other features from Leaflet.js. For example you could add markers to the picture which users could interact with to explore these marked areas of the painting. Alternatively you could add polygon shapes around different features that when clicked open an information window with explanatory text. The possibilities are really only limited by your imagination.

The painting 'Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin' belongs to the Harvard Art Museums. The poor attempts at art criticism are my own and should be taken with a pinch of salt.

Maps for Museums

Major art galleries, museums and universities around the world are adopting the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF). IIIF is a standardized method of describing and delivering images over the web. In interactive mapping terms you might say it is a standard for creating interactive map tiles for images of documents, manuscripts, photographs and paintings.

One outcome from this adoption of IIIF is that there are hundreds of thousands of manuscripts, paintings and other documents which can now be viewed as interactive maps. Yesterday in Mapping Van Gogh we looked at an impressive Leaflet.js based tool for browsing IIIF manifests. The IIIF Curation Viewer allows you to paste in the URL of a IIIF manifest and view a manuscript or painting as a zoomable image in a Leaflet map. You can use the tool to explore any painting, manuscript or other image shared by institutions around the world in the IIIF format.

Instead of using this Leaflet IIIF Viewer, made by the Center for Open Data in the Humanities, you could make your own. Leaflet-IIIF is a simple to use plug-in for creating a Leaflet based browser for IIIF manifests or images shared using the IIIF Image API. If you use this Leaflet plug-in you can then make interactive maps from tens of thousands of manuscripts, paintings and other images held by some of the best known global art galleries, museums and universities. For example Princeton University are using the plug-in to show a Plan of Versailles as an interactive Leaflet map.

If you prefer OpenLayers you can use Klokan Technologies' IIIF Viewer instead. This open-source IIIF Viewer uses the OpenLayers interactive map library to display images using IIIF. Here are a few examples of the IIIF Viewer in action. 

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Mapping Vincent Van Gogh

The Center for Open Data in the Humanities has created a very impressive Leaflet.js based tool for browsing historical manuscripts, paintings and other documents. The IIIF Curation Viewer is an open-source image viewer that allows you to view any image that has an IIIF Manifest (a common standard used by many museums, galleries and universities around the world).

In this demo of the IIIF Curation Viewer the application is being used to allow you to explore an ancient Japanese manuscript. Using the document viewer you can move backwards and forwards through the different pages of the manuscript (or select any page from the drop down menu). Selecting the black square button from the map menu allows you to draw around individual text characters in the document. When you select a character in this way an information window opens with the modern Japanese translation of the character.

You can use the IIIF Curation Viewer to view any document, painting or image that has an IIIF Manifest. For example here is Van Gogh's Self Portrait (Dedicated to Gauguin).  If you look at the URL for the Van Gogh painting in the viewer you should be able to see where I added the URL for the painting's IIIF Manifest (I got the manifest from the Harvard Art Museum website). Here is another example where I simply added the URL for Rossetti's A Sea Spell.

If you are more interested in seeing how the IIIF Curation Viewer handles text then here is a letter from Francis Crick to Michael Crick, where Crick discusses the discovery of something he calls DNA. The drawing tool in the map allows you to select any part of the document to create an image of your selection (you can see the image I saved above of Crick's mention of 'Deoxyribonucleic acid' in the letter.

If the play's the thing for you then you might prefer this Leaflet map of the complete works of Shakespeare. Of course the IIIF Curation Viewer can also be used to look at maps. Here's the Gough Map from around 1360.