You can view a number of other locations around Australia in this Street View Australia collection.
Google Australia and The Sun Herald have produced this flip-book video of street views to show the route of the Sun-Herald City2Surf fun run in Sydney:
This screen shot taken by Smile Australia shows the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
News.com.au have a gallery of screen shots of street views in Australia. Finally, Google product manager Andrew Foster says,
"Google Maps has its origins as an Australian invention so we're thrilled to bring Street View here as one of the first countries in the world."